Indonesian Chinese Diaspora, Dual Citizenship And Indonesian Development

Tundjung Herning Sitabuana

Abstract


Indonesian Citizenship Law Policy, in accordance with Article 26  Paragraph (1)of the 1945 Constitution and Act Nr. 12/2006, is closed  in  nature and does not recognize dual citizenship. Community members of the Indonesian Chinese Diaspora who hold foreign nationalities do not have the legal standing to file applications to the Constitutional Court for constitutional review of Act Nr. 12/2006 in an effort to obtain Indonesian citizenship, because they are not Indonesian citizens. In order for an individual to be able to obtain Indonesian citizenship without losing his or her foreign nationality, the principle of dual citizenship must be applied within the Indonesian  Citizenship  Law  Policy.  This can happen if a legislative review on or an amendment to the act (in this case Act Nr. 12/2006 regarding the Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia) is conducted by Parliament. Thus the Government of the Republic of Indonesia must be absolutely sure and able to fully assure Parliament that Indonesia has   a genuine need for the Indonesian Chinese Diaspora, because they have great potentials and can play an  important  role  in  Indonesia’s development,  both  in terms of the quality of human resources that have been proven and tested abroad, as well as the capital that can be invested in Indonesia.

Keywords


Indonesian diaspora; dual citizenship; constitutional review; legislative review; Indonesian development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Assiddiqie, Jimly, 2006, Pengantar Ilmu Hukum Tata Negara Jilid II, Jakarta: Konstitusi Press.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Pusat Bahasa, Edisi Keempat, Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Gautama, Sudargo, 1987, Warga Negara dan Orang Asing, Bandung: Alumni. Handoyo, B. Hestu Cipto, 2003, Hukum Tata Negara, Kewarganegaraan dan

Hak Asasi Manusia (Memahami Proses Konsolidasi Sistem Demokrasi di Indonesia), Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta.

----------------, 2009, Hukum Tata Negara Indonesia, Menuju Konsolidasi Sistem

Demokrasi, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta.

Isjwara, F., 1964, Pengantar Ilmu Politik, Bandung: Penerbit Dhiwantara. Kansil, CST, 1992, Hukum Kewarganegaraan Republik Indonesia, Jakarta: Sinar

Grafika.

Kartasapoetra, RG, 1987, Sistematika Hukum Tata Negara, Jakarta: Bina Aksara. Manan, Bagir (Ed.: Ni’matul Huda), 2009, Hukum Kewarganegaraan Indonesia

Dalam UU No. 12 Tahun 2006, Yogyakarta: FH UII Press.

Paulus, BP, 1983, Kewarganegaraan RI Ditinjau Dari UUD 1945, Khususnya Kewarganegaraan Peranakan Tionghoa, Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita.

Sheffer, Gabriel, 2003, Diaspora Politics: At Home Abroad, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sochmawardiah, Hesti Armiwulan, 2013, Diskriminasi Rasial Dalam Hukum HAM: Studi Tentang Diskriminasi Terhadap Etnis Tionghoa, Yogyakarta: Genta Publishing.

Soetoprawiro, Koerniatmanto (Ed.: A. Mustika W), 1994, Hukum Kewarganegaraan dan Keimigrasian Indonesia, Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Suryadinata, Leo, 2007, Understanding the Ethnic Chinese in Southeast Asia, Singapore: ISEAS.

Wibowo, I. (Ed.), 2009, Merangkul Cina: Hubungan Indonesia-Pasca Soeharto, Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Winarno, Kewarganegaraan Indonesia Indonesia Dari Sosiologis Menuju Yuridis, Bandung: Penerbit Alfabeta.

Zein, Abdul Baqir, 2000, Etnis Cina Dalam Potret Pembauran Di Indonesia, Jakarta: Prestasi Insan.

Arie Setyaningrum, “Globalisasi dan Diaspora Cina dalam Perspektif Kolonial: Dinamika Strategi Ekonomi dan Identitas Budaya”, Jurnal JSP, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Volume 8, No. 2, November 2004.

Rima Berns-McGown, “Redefining "diaspora", The Challenge of Connection and Inclusion”, 63 International Journal 3 2007-2008, available at HEINONLINE

(http://heinonline.org) (last updated Feb 5 21:38:59 2014).

Stephanie Wang, “Does The Nationality Law, And Its Prohibition of Dual Nationality, Need Reform …, available at HEINONLINE (http://heinonline. org)(last updated Feb 5 21:42:34 2014).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/consrev113

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Constitutional Review