Kemungkinan Penerapan Preliminary Ruling Procedure sebagai Media Constitutional Complaint di Mahkamah Konstitusi

Gautama Budi Arundhati

Abstract


Preliminary ruling procedure seperti yang diterapkan di Uni Eropa dapat menjadi metode alternatif dalam pelaksanaan constitutional complaint di Indonesia. Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 sebagai hukum tertinggi di Indonesia dikawal oleh lembaga yang bernama Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia, dan dalam preliminary ruling procedure untuk pemberlakuan constitutional complaint maka dibutuhkan Peran Pengadilan Negeri dimana melalui preliminary ruling procedure tersebut dapat melakukan constitutional question kepada Mahkamah Konstitusi, dan berlanjut sampai dengan memutuskan perkara constitutional complaint tersebut atas nama Mahkamah Konstitusi, jadi secara tidak langsung Mahkamah Konstitusi memutuskan perkara melalui Pengadilan Negeri. Hal ini untuk menjamin konsistensi antara Mahkamah Konstitusi sebagai lembaga peradilan yang berwenang mengawal konstitusi serta menjamin akan adanya kepastian hukum yang harus diterima oleh warga negara secara efektif. Sehingga konstitusi memiliki direct effect secara individual dalam kehidupan sehari-hari rakyat Indonesia.

Preliminary ruling procedure as applied in the European Union can be an alternative method for the implementation of the constitutional complaint in Indonesia. Constitution of Republic of Indonesia of 1945 can be assumed as the highest law in Indonesia which been guarded by the institution called the Constitutional Court of Republic of Indonesia, the preliminary ruling procedure for the implementation of the constitutional complaint required the seminal role of the District Court which can exercise the constitutional question to the Constitutional Court and continues it into the judgement of the constitutional complaint on behalf of the Constitutional Court indirectly. This method is to ensure not only the consistency between the Constitutional Court as the guardian of the constitution but also to guarantee the legal certainty which can be accepted by citizens effectively. So the constitution has a direct effect on an individual basis in the daily life of the people of Indonesia.


Keywords


Constitutional Complaint; Preliminary Ruling Procedure; Mahkamah Konstitusi

References


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Undang Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1446

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