Mahkamah Konstitusi dan Kebijakan Kriminal

Cholidin Nasir

Abstract


Dalam kaitannya dengan penafsiran, dapatkah Mahkamah Konstitusi menafsirkan suatu norma pidana dan dapatkah Mahkamah Konstitusi membuat hukum baru atas norma hukum pidana. Untuk menjawab masalah tersebut, digunakan penelitian hukum normatif, Penelitian hukum normatif atau kepustakaan tersebut mencakup: (1) penelitian terhadap asas-asas hukum, (2) penelitian terhadap sistematika hukum, (3) penelitian terhadap sinkronisasi vertikal dan horizontal, (4) perbandingan hukum, (5) sejarah hukum. Oleh karena itu, maka bahan yang digunakan adalah bahan sekunder yang dilakukan melalui penelitian kepustakaan (library research). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut, Mahkamah Konstitusi melakukan judicial activism ketika norma tersebut melanggar hak konstitusional warga negara yang dijamin oleh Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945, dan Mahkamah Konstitusi melakukan judicial restraint ketika harus menyatakan sesuatu yang semula bukan perbuatan pidana menjadi perbuatan pidana.

In relation to interpretation, can the Constitutional Court interpret a criminal norm and can the Constitutional Court make a new law on criminal law norms. To answer this problem, normative legal research is used. Normative legal research includes: (1) research on legal principles, (2) research on legal systematics, (3) research on vertical and horizontal synchronization, (4) comparison law, (5) legal history. Therefore, the materials used are secondary materials which are carried out through library research. Based on the results of the study, first: the Constitutional Court conducted judicial activism when the norm violated the constitutional rights of citizens guaranteed by the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, second: the Constitutional Court conducted a judicial restraint when it had to declare something that was not a criminal act.


Keywords


Mahkamah Konstitusi; Kebijakan Kriminal; Judicial Activism; Judicial Restraint

References


Buku

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Jurnal

Chalid, Hamid, 2017, “Dualism of Judicial Review in indonesia: Problems and Solutions”, Indonesia Law Review, Volume 7 Number 3, September - December, h. 367-394.

Talmadge, Philip A., 1999, “Understanding the Limit of Power: Judicial Restraint in General Jurisdiction Court Systems”, Seattle University Law Review, Nomor 695, h. 695-739.

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Undang-Undang

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945.

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi:

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 013/PUU-I/2003

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 40/PUU-X/2012

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 14/PUU-VI/2008

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 132/PUU-XIII/2015

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 46/PUU-IV/2008




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1535

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