Menggagas Pelembagaan Constitutional Question Melalui Perluasan Kewenangan Mahkamah Konstitusi dalam Menguji Undang-Undang

Hamid Chalid, Arief Ainul Yaqin

Abstract


Tulisan ini membahas tentang gagasan pelembagaan constitutional question (pertanyaan konstitusional) di Indonesia melalui perluasan kewenangan Mahkamah Konstitusi dalam menguji undang-undang terhadap Undang-Undang Dasar. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa lembaga constitutional question itu dapat ditempatkan sebagai bagian dari kewenangan pengujian konstitusional yang telah dimiliki Mahkamah Konstitusi berdasarkan ketentuan Pasal 24C ayat (1) UUD 1945. Selain itu hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukan bahwa terdapat kebutuhan atau urgensi, baik dari segi teori maupun praktek untuk melembagakan mekanisme constitutional question di Mahkamah Konstitusi. Oleh sebab itu pada bagian akhir penelitian ini dikemukakan suatu kesimpulan dan rekomendasi bahwa lembaga constitutional question ini sangat perlu dan sangat prospektif untuk segera diterapkan di Indonesia. Caranya cukup dengan melakukan perubahan terhadap undang-undang tentang Mahkamah Konstitusi dengan mengatur dan memasukan mekanisme constitutional question ini ke dalam undang-undang yang dimaksud, tanpa harus mengadakan perubahan terhadap UUD 1945. 

This study will discuss the concept of constitutional question institutionalization in Indonesia by expanding the Constitutional Court’s constitutional review authority against the Constitution. The research shows that the constitutional question can be placed as part of the Constitutional Court’s constitutional review method based on Article 24C (1) 1945 Constitution. Moreover, the research also shows that there is a need or urgency, in both theory and practice, to institutionalize the constitutional question mechanism in the Constitutional Court. Therefore, this research concludes that the constitutional question is inevitable, and that is recommended to be immediately adopted in Indonesia. One of the possible methods to implement the mechanism is through the Constitutional Court law revision, which includes the constitutional question mechanism, without amending the Constitution. 


Keywords


constitutional question; constitutional court; Indonesia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1628

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